Penelitian

Efektivitas Pelatihan Perilaku Positif Untuk Meningkatkan
Kesejahteraan dan Menurunkan Agresivitas Anak Binaan LembagaPemasyarakatan Kutoarjo Jawa Tengah

Hafsah Budi Argiati
Fakultas Psikologi

Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa, Yogyakarta

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research is to know wether the positive behavior will influence aggresivity and well being of the adolescents offending criminal law who stay in Kutoarjo prison. This study compared young adult sexual delinquents and violent offenders via relevant psychological variables of two main areas: (I) anti-social personality factors (aggression,), and (ii) predisposing personality factors (well being). Participants are 30 violent and sexual offenders between 12 and 18 years of age. They were incarcerated in a Kutoarjo youth prison and interviewed during their prison term. The subjects were gathered in special place in prison. The positive behavior was trained orally and physically and asked them to do physically by some examples. T test was used to know the psychological factor’s different before and after positive behavior intervention. Result: There was significant different of the psychological condition before and after intervention. The youth showed significantly (p = 0,001) lowering impact behavior and improving their well being.

Key words: aggressive behavior; well being; positive behavor intervention

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PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN EAR PLUG TERHADAP
KELELAHAN KERJA DAN STRES KERJA PADA
PERUSAHAAN TEKSTIL

Moh. As’ad
Fakultas Psikologi

Universitas Gadjah Mada, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at learning the effects of ear plug use on work stress and fatigue-individually or in group. The noisy coming into the ears of a worker may result in work stress and fatigue. The use of ear plug may hinder the coming of noisy into the ears, so work stress and fatigue as a result of the noisy may decrease. This study applied experimental approach called pre-test post-test control group design by early measuring and observation before the treatment and measurement after treatment. The subjects were 70 weaving workers fulfilling the inclusing criteria. The subjects were divided into 2 groups, treatment group and control group. The division into two groups was done using random sampling, and each group consisted of 35 workers. Data analysis was done using co-variance and regression analysis. The results showed that: (1) there was significant positive influence on the use of ear plug on work stress (F = 70,448 and p < 0,01) and this positive influence was shown by determinant coefficient (R2) = 0,5088 (50,88%,); (2) there was significant positive influence of the ear plug use on fatigue (F = 78, 142 and p < 0,01) and that positive influence was shown by determinant coefficient (R2) = 0,5347 (53,47%); (3) there was significant positive influence of ear plug use on work stress and fatigue (F = 24,315 and p < 0,01) for work stress and (F = 28,958 and p < 0,01) for fatigue.

Keyword: noisy – ear plug – fatigue – work stress

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PROGRAM COGNITIVE-BEHAVIOR-ORGANIZATION
MENINGKATKAN KETELITIAN, MENURUNKAN INDEKS
STRES DAN CORTISOL, KARYAWAN BANK “X” BALI

Susy Purnawati
Bagian Ilmu Faal Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana

E-mail: s purnawati@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

In recent years, job stress is a major issue in the field of occupational health. Awareness of the problem of job stress among managers, employees and implementing health care began to emerge when the perceived demands of the increasing pressure of work, job insecurity and feelings of under capability in the workplace. So it is necessary to apply job stress management program that are not only important for the productivity and morale but also for the company image. As well as for the individual or the employees themselves and for the society in general. Experimental studies have been carried out against 15 employees of a bank in Bali in April to December 2010 which aims to analyze the increased of vigilance, reduced stress, index and cortisol after the intervention of CBO (cognitive-behavior organization). The mean age of employees who are involved in this study were 37 ± 6.1 years with the lowest employment is two years. The working environment shows the wet temperature range 19.5 degree Celsius, dry temperature of 25.1 degrees Celsius and relative humidity 60%. After the intervention program CBO found a significant increase in accuracy (23%) with a decrease in error, with a value of p = 0.004 (p 0.005). Similarly, the index of stress (stress index reduced of 19%) with a value of p = 0.024 or p <0.005. Against the morning blood cortisol decreased by 8% with p value = 0.000 (or p <0.05).

 Key words: job stress, CBO, vigilance

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