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‘Kemandirian’ (Independent) Personality in Indonesia Society and Culture from Psychoanalytic Perspective
(Object Relation Theory)

Titik Muti’ah
Faculty of Psychology
University of Sarjana Wiyata Tamansiswa (UST),
Jalan Kusumanegara 157, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

This paper presents the development of independent personality in Indonesia from the psychoanalytic perspective combines with a cross-cultural perspective. The style of human experiencing their worlds and within themselves will perform their independences, as well as depend tremendously on the given culture and society to which they belong. Object relation theories have been used to elaborate the interrelationship of development. It is noted that child rearing in Indonesia foster capacities for intense dependence and preference on empathy to others, with both the physical and the emotional nature of close relationship. From this study, it was found that Indonesians characteristic of personality and the development of internal representations tends to create less independent people. This characteristic contrasts with the personality characteristic of Western people, which tends to more independence implicitly rather than explicitly.

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CRIMINAL PROFILING PERPETRATOR OF CHILD SEXUAL EXPLOITATION IN YOGYAKARTA

Titik Muti’ah
Faculty of Psychology, Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa University
157 Kusumanegara Street Yogyakarta Indonesia
Tmutiah2000@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

This research is aimed to study criminal profiling perpetrator of child sexual exploitation in Yogyakarta. The problem statement was applying to psychological knowledge in criminal profiling perpetrator of child sexual exploitation and to assist finding the runaway perpetrator from law action. The subjects of this research are four girls’ victim of sexual exploitation. This research used a qualitative approach, which data were collected using varying methods of: open observation, open interviews (subjects and informants) and graphic test. This was done to focus on multi-methods, multi-source and multi-contacts to satisfy the validity and reliability. Results showed that the four perpetrators which two of them were individual perpetrators and two others were syndicate (group) identified to had profile or special characters (biologist/physiologist, psychologist and socio-cultural) and determination (method and crime action, modus operandi and signature) in their crime actions. The perpetrators were attached with asocial/antisocial behaviors and addict behaviors (alcohol consumption, drug user and sexual addiction) which had high tendency to repeat their criminal actions. Due to the rule, all children sexual perpetrators were not revealed, get caught and brought to the legal processes. This inconvenient condition could bring to more child victims of sexual exploitation in the forthcoming.

Keywords: Criminal, Perpetrator, Sexual.

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